Roofing Terms to familiarize yourself with

Roofing Terms

It’s not uncommon to find homeowners who are unsure or even confused when discussing with the roofer about their roofing project. Perhaps the roofer is using roofing terms that they don’t understand. Why not familiarize yourself with common roofing terms so you won’t get confused or stare at your Charlotte roofing contractor? It’s important that you make an informed and educated choice before undertaking your roofing project.

As you keep a watchful eye on your roofing system and remain vigilant to ensure any problems or issues are addressed early before they become costly, here are terms you should familiarize yourself with. Knowing what each of these terms means will help you clearly communicate your concerns.

Asphalt Shingle

Asphalt shingle is a roofing material you must have come across in your neighborhood. It’s the most common type of roofing in the United States (especially North America) because it’s inexpensive and easy to install.


Roof flashing refers to the materials used to waterproof a roof and keeps it airtight. It’s usually fitted around roof valleys, chimneys, vents, and other intersections or projections.


Also referred to as an eaves trough, the gutter is the small receptacle that channels water from your roof eaves to the downspout.


The exposed surface of your asphalt shingles usually comprises small bits of colored crushed bits of rock (ceramic-coated). This is what is referred to as the granules. They not only add color to the shingles but protect them from sunlight exposure and enhance fire resistance.


The section of your roofing system (edges) extending outwards over the exterior walls of your home.


Truss is a term used to refer to the pieces of material that provide an additional supplement for the support and strength of the rafters.


When two sloping roof planes intersect, they form a horizontal external angle that’s often referred to as the ridge.


When two roof sections sloping downwards intersect they form an angle that’s referred to as the valley. The point of intersection usually creates a V-shape, an area where rainwater and snow flow off the roof. The area with the V-shape is what’s called the valley.


The term refers to the boards that are often mounted on an exposed rafter to provide extra protection from the elements. The boards may also be mounted on an exterior wall.


The roll material that’s installed beneath your asphalt shingles to provide additional protection to your roof is what’s referred to as the underlayment.


Usually, the roof deck will require proper ventilation. During roof installation, an outlet of air protruding through the deck will, therefore, be installed for this purpose. Any device installed for this purpose is often referred to as the vent.


You must have seen a small structure with windows installed sticking out from your roof’s slant and wondered what it’s called. Well, that’s a dormer.

Got questions?  We have answers!  Call Southern Star Roofing for all your local roofing needs in Charlotte today!

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